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Information>Research
The Relationship between Children Body Weight and , Dietary Behavior and , Parental Nutrition Knowledge, and Dietary Behavior, and Food-Related Parenting Style

Abstract
     The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between family factors that affect children’s dietary behavior and their anthropometric measures. These factors include the demographic variables of these children and their parents and parents’ nutrition knowledge, dietary behavior and food-related parenting style. Research method uses a pair of structured, self-administered questionnaires that includes two categories ─ the child questionnaire and the parent questionnaire. The child questionnaire includes basic information and dietary behavior. Beside these two parts, the parents are being asked about nutrition knowledge and food-related parenting style in parent questionnaire. The subjects were third, fourth, and fifth grade elementary school students along with their parents in Taipei Area. A total of 1058 pairs of questionnaires were collected in this study. This study found that:

  1. There were positive associations between children’s dietary behavior and parental nutrition knowledge, dietary behavior, socioeconomic status, and family gross income (p<0.01). However, there were negative associations between children’s dietary behavior and parental BMI, frequency of dining out, and the number of children in the family (p<0.01).
  2. Parental dietary behavior could explain 11.8% of the variance in children’s dietary behavior by using multiple regression analysis, while other factors that affect children’s dietary behavior were caring parenting style, gender of the child and the number of children in the family.
  3. Moreover, positive association was shown between children’s BMI and their parents’ BMI, permissive parenting style, and frequency of dining out; negative association was shown between children’s obesity and their parents’ age and caring parenting style. Boys had higher BMI’s than girls; the last child in the family had higher BMI than the other children in the family.
  4. Factor affecting the BMI of overweight children vary according to their gender and age. Significant predictors include parents’ nutritional knowledge, frequency of parents preparing food for their children, frequency of parents having meals with their children, frequency of parents dining out, frequency of children chewing their food thoroughly, parents’ perception of their health status, frequency of parents preventing children’s intake of sugar-sweetened drinks, parents’ careful examination of food nutrition labels, and how often children consume sugar-sweetened drinks.
     Overall, the relationship between parents’ and children’s obesity and dietary behavior was correlated. Therefore, it will be effective if parents involve in intervention which targets children in order to correct improper dietary behavior and to prevent childhood obesity.
 

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